About Linda Darcy

Linda left the classroom after 16 years as a secondary World Language Teacher in the Hartford region. She has served in several leadership positions, always with a focus on teacher professional learning. Through an eclectic selection of professional experience and trainings, Linda has honed her skills as an instructional coach, curriculum writer and national presenter. Her areas of expertise include Curriculum and Instructional Design, Culturally Relevant Pedagogy, Social-Emotional Learning, Instructional Coaching, Adult Learning and Language Acquisition Pedagogy. She has presented at national conferences such as the American Council of Teachers of Foreign Languages, Phi Delta Kappa’s Conference for Future Educators, and the Learning Forward National Conference on the topics of professional learning systems, teacher retention and motivating learners. She is currently studying for her doctorate in educational leadership at the University of Connecticut. Her primary areas of research include culturally relevant pedagogy, teacher retention and urban education.

Readers were recently asked to complete the following survey:

Below is a list of 10 characteristics of successful schools. Which 3 do you think are most important?

  1. A comprehensive approach to the needs of the whole child
  2. A relentless focus on standards and having students meet them
  3. Very high expectations for student behavior
  4. Multi-modal, hands-on lessons to appeal to multiple intelligences
  5. Use of technology in the classroom
  6. Prioritizing each child’s interests and passions in designing a curriculum
  7. A school-wide focus on college and the skills and knowledge to get there
  8. Rigorous expectations for student work
  9. Use of data to drive organizational decisions
  10. High family satisfaction rates

As several respondents pointed out, this is certainly not an exhaustive list. It is, however, a list of characteristics of successful urban schools as identified by The New Teachers Project. Our purpose in administering this survey was to obtain a sense of what our readers believe to be important in their schools to serve as starting point for a series of articles about school leadership.

179 people responded and the survey yielded the following results:

71.5 percent of participants identified “a comprehensive approach to the needs of the whole child” as one of the top three important characteristics of a successful school and will, thus, serve as the topic of this week’s post.

“A comprehensive approach to the needs of the whole child”

A comprehensive approach to the whole child is essential to the future success of all students.The research is undeniable:

  • James Heckman, at the University of Chicago, has shown that the non-cognitive skills that emerge in early childhood are strong predictors of adult success.
  • Paul Tough, author of How Children Succeed, emphasizes the importance of developing ‘soft-skills’ for future achievement.
  • Carol Dweck, Angela Duckworth, Geoffrey Canada, Durlak et al and many others have proven again and again the importance of social-emotional learning.

What can a leader do (and what must she avoid) to have a school that focuses on developing the whole child?

The last thing teachers want (or need) is ‘one more thing’ to do . . . one more ‘initiative’. Click To Tweet

Start with the teachers 

The last thing teachers want (or need) is ‘one more thing’ to do . . . one more ‘initiative’. I recently heard a teacher say something to the effect of, “someone went to a workshop and now we have to” fill in the blank. Becoming a mindful school or implementing a program of restorative justice requires a change of heart, not a change of policy. Gather a group of teachers and talk about current trends in education. Find out what excites them. Let the movement bubble-up. Be prepared for the teachers to choose something that you would not necessarily choose. As long as it is moving in the right direct, toward the developing the whole child, it is progress. Remember bottom-up innovation, top-down facilitation.

Two Effective Programs

(There are too many to list and advocate. Please share your favorite and most effective programs and strategies for developing the whole child in the comments below.

Whole Child Education goes beyond academics, social skills, and character development.  It includes nutrition, medical and dental care for families who would otherwise go without, deep involvement with the community, physical and mental health and the arts. A whole child education experience is not built in a day. It must be driven by will and need.

Mindful Schools is a complete program to help children and adults in a school develop self-awareness and self-regulation. Mindfulness in the classroom has been proven to improve focus and decrease disruptions. Students are ready to learn with lessened anxiety as they learn to live in the present, not ruminate on the past nor stressing about the future.

Please share your favorite and most effective programs and strategies for developing the whole child in the comments below.

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